Table of Contents

THE HISTORY OF THE LIBRARY IN WESTERN CIVILIZATION: THE ROMAN WORLD - FROM CICERO TO HADRIAN....

THE HISTORY OF THE LIBRARY IN WESTERN CIVILIZATION: THE ROMAN WORLD - FROM CICERO TO HADRIAN.

II.
New Castle, Delaware: Oak Knoll Press and HES & DE GRAAF Publishers BV, 2005. 8.5 x 11.5 inches. Hardcover, dust jacket. 364 pages. II. This second volume continues Staikos' brilliant history of the library from the early days of the Roman Republic to the "Golden Age" of Imperial Rome and the Emperor Hadrian. Extensively researched and beautifully illustrated with many rare photographs and drawings. Printed in Athens with careful attention to detail. Co-published with HES..... READ MORE

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Table of contents

CONTENTS
 

Preface IX-XVII
Table of Contents XIX -XXIII
 

  
 

I THE MINOAN AND MYCENAEAN CIVILIZATIONS 
Scripts and archives in the Bronze Age..................................3-59

Historical background...........................................................5-7
Scripts in use in the Bronze Age................................................7-8
Minoan scripts..................................................................8-10
The pictographic (hieroglyphic) script..........................................10-11
Linear A........................................................................12-16 Linear B........................................................................16-20
Deciphering Linear B............................................................20-27
The Phaistos Disc...............................................................27-34 Conclusions.....................................................................34-35
The Cypro-Minoan script and the Cypriot syllabary...............................35-36
Scribes and their tablets.......................................................36-38
The stylus......................................................................39
Preparing the writing tablet....................................................39-40
The writing surface.............................................................40
Did books exist in the Minoan-Mycenaean era?....................................40-42
Filing systems..................................................................42-44
Sealings........................................................................44-46
Notes...........................................................................51-59 


II. FROM HOMER TO THE END OF THE CLASSICAL PERIOD
  Public, Academic and Private Libraries
in the Greek World......................................................63-153

The Homeric question............................................................63-67
The 'legend' of the first edition of Homer......................................67-69
An edition of Homer under Pisistratus(?)........................................69-74
The first public libraries......................................................74-77
Did the rhapsodists have their own private libraries or guild libraries?........77-79
The first written collections of philosophical works............................79-80
From the oral to the written tradition..........................................80-83
The role of the book is accepted................................................83-85
How the sophists helped to popularize books.....................................85-89
Aristophanes and his mockery of intellectuals...................................89-92
Bookshops.......................................................................92-93
The first private library(?)....................................................93
Plato's travels in search of books..............................................93-97
Rhetoric and books..............................................................97-101
Intellectual property...........................................................104-105
The book trade in the Hellenic world............................................101-104
Intellectual property...........................................................104-105
The philosophy schools as centres of book learning in Athens....................105-110
Plato...................................................................105-106
Aristotle...............................................................108
Epicurus................................................................108-109
Zeno....................................................................109-110
Aristotle's working methods.....................................................112
Historical references to Aristotle's library....................................112
The formation of Aristotle's library............................................112-115
The Lyceum library..............................................................115-119
Theophrastus and the Lyceum after Aristotle.....................................119-120
Neleus..........................................................................120-121
The eventful subsequent history of Aristotle's library..........................121-123
Apellicon.......................................................................123-125
Tyrannio........................................................................125-126
Andronicus of Rhodes............................................................126 
The publishing project..........................................................126-128 
Postscript......................................................................128-129
Notes...........................................................................133-153
 

III. HELLENISTIC PERIOD
The Universal Library of the Ptolemies in Alexandria....................157-245

The historical background.......................................................157-164
Ptolemy I Soter, founder of the Library.........................................164
The sources.....................................................................165
The Museum......................................................................165-166
The Members of the Museum.......................................................167-168
Towards a Universal Library.....................................................168
Demetrius of Phalerum...........................................................168-169
The “Letter of Aristeas”........................................................169-173
The Prolegomena to Aristophanes.................................................173
The Piautine Scholium...........................................................174
The library of the Serapeum.....................................................174-177
The Directors of the Library....................................................177-183
Zenodotus...............................................................178-179
Apollonius Rhodius......................................................179
Eratosthenes............................................................180
Aristophanes of Byzantium...............................................180-182
Apollonius Eidographus..................................................182-183
Aristarchus.............................................................183
The first crisis in the world of literary studies...............................183-184
Callimachus.....................................................................184-185
Creating a library classification system........................................185-186
The Pinakes.....................................................................186
The editing and copying centre..................................................186-188
The growth of the Library.......................................................188
The classification system in use in the Library.................................188-194
How much ancient Greek literature has survived?.................................194-196
The Ptolemies scour the world for books.........................................196-198
From the first crisis in literary studies to the time of Cleopatra..............198-200 
Was Caesar responsible for the burning of the Library?..........................200-204
Egypt as a Roman province.......................................................204-206
The linguistic tradition........................................................206
Incidental information about scholars of the Museum.............................207
The strife caused by Christianity...............................................208
From Zenobia to Diocletian......................................................208-210
The Byzantine period............................................................210-212
From the roll to the codex......................................................221-213
The destruction of the Library: the Arab version................................214
Caliph Omar and the burning of the books........................................214-220
Epilogue........................................................................220-221
Notes...........................................................................225-245

IV. HELLENISTIC PERIOD
Other Libraries from Pergamum to Ai Khanoum.............................249-267
The kingdom of Pergamum.........................................................249-250
The foundation of the Library...................................................250-252
The Library at its zenith.......................................................252-254
Organization and textual studies................................................254-255
The problem of pseudepigraphy...................................................256
Expansion of the Library........................................................256
Ai Khanoum......................................................................256-257
Other libraries in the Hellenistic period ......................................257-258
Gymnasium libraries.............................................................259 The Gymnasium of Ptolemy........................................................259-260
Gymnasium in Piraeus(?).........................................................260
Gymnasia on Rhodes and Cos......................................................260
Notes...........................................................................265-267

V. ARCHITECTURE
Typology and equipment of archival and
academic libraries......................................................271-300

Archival libraries in the Minoan and Mycenaean civilizations....................271
Developing a filing system......................................................272
From Homer to Aristotle.........................................................273
Private Libraries...............................................................274-277
Public Libraries................................................................277-278
Academic Libraries..............................................................278-279
The Lyceum......................................................................279-282
Hellenistic period..............................................................282-283
The Pergamum Library............................................................283-288
Gymnasia........................................................................288-290
Rhodes..........................................................................290-291
Nysa............................................................................291-293
Notes...........................................................................297-300
 
ABBREVIATIONS AND BIBLIOGRAPHY..................................................303-327
INDEX...........................................................................331-349