Table of Contents

PEN, INK, & EVIDENCE: A STUDY OF WRITING AND WRITING MATERIALS FOR THE PENMAN, COLLECTOR, AND DOCUMENT DETECTIVE. Joe Nickell.
(Forgery).

PEN, INK, & EVIDENCE: A STUDY OF WRITING AND WRITING MATERIALS FOR THE PENMAN, COLLECTOR, AND DOCUMENT DETECTIVE.

New Castle: Oak Knoll Press, 2003. small 4to. stiff paper wrappers. x, 228 pages. First edition, third printing with corrections. An excellent study of writing and writing materials for the penman, collector, and document detective. The author traces the development of writing and writing materials from the ancient cuneiform tablet to today's historical documents. This work is essential for all calligraphers, archivists, literary historians and document examiners. Over one hundred illustrations. READ MORE

Price: $29.95  other currencies  Order nr. 71215

Table of contents

                           Contents

Foreword by Charles Hamilton                                  vii
Acknowledgments                                                ix

PART 1: WRITING INSTRUMENTS                                     1
        1. The Quill                                            3
            Quill Selection                                     3
            Quill Cutting                                       5
            Quill Problems                                      7
        2. Durable Pens                                         9
            The Steel Pen                                       9
            Gold Pens                                          12
            Glass Pens                                         13
            Penholders                                         14
            Penwipers                                          16
            Pen Rests                                          17
        3. Reservoir Pens                                      18
            Fountain Pens                                      18
            Ballpoint Pens                                     22
            Porous-Tip Pens                                    23
        4. The Pencil                                          25
            Wooden Pencils                                     25
            Pencil Accessories                                 28
            Mechanical Pencils                                 29

PART 2: INK                                                    33
        5. Writing Fluids                                      35
            Carbon Ink                                         35
            Iron-Gall Inks                                     35
            Later Common Writing Inks                          39
            Other Inks                                         40
        6. Ink Containers                                      44
            Ink Bottles                                        47
            Inkwells and Inkstands                             50
            Other Ink Containers                               56
        7. Ink Problems                                        58
            Spilled Ink                                        58
            Blqtting                                           59
            Ink Erasures                                       64
            Other Ink Problems                                 66
PART 3: PAPER                                                  69
        8. Papermaking                                         71
            Paper's Antecedents                                71
            Invention and Spread of Paper                      72
            Hand Papermaking                                   74
            Machine Papermaking                                76
        9. Watermarks                                          81
            The History of Watermarks                          83
            Special Watermarks                                 85
       10. Stationery and Seals                                88
            Writing Paper                                      88
            Letters and Seals                                  89
            Envelopes and Postage                              94
            Cards                                              99
            Paper Accessories                                 107
PART 4: WRITING                                               113       
       11. The History of Written Forms                       115
            Ancient Beginnings                                115
            European Developments                             117
            The Medieval Scribe                               121
            The Renaissance                                   122
            American Systems                                  124
            Printing and Related Developments                 127
       12. The ABC's of Penmanship                            131
            Early Writing Masters                             131
            American Schools                                  132
            Writing-System Instruction                        135
            Artistic Penmanship                               139
       13. Written Documents                                  147
            Documents and Desks                               147
            Some Important Records                            151
            Duplicating                                       166

PART 5: EXAMINING DOCUMENTS                                   169
       14. Decipherment                                       171
            Reader Unfamiliarity                              171
            Writing Deformity                                 174
            Physical Deterioration                            175
            Secret Writing                                    176
       15. Age Determination                                  179
            Writing Materials as Age Indicators               179
            Dating Handwriting and Printing                   181
            Clues from Internal Evidence                      181
            Combined Factors                                  183
       16. Questioned Documents                               186
            Forgery                                           186
            Handwriting Identification                        190
            "Genuine Fakes"                                   192
            Laboratory Analysis                               194

Appendix 1: Eighteenth-Century Scripts                        195
Appendix 2: Chronology of Writing & Writing Materials         196
Appendix 3: Laboratory Identification of Pens, Inks, & Papers 206
Notes                                                         209
Index                                                         222