BIBLIOGRAPHIE DU CONGO, 1880-1895. CATALOGUE MÉTHODIQUE DE 3,800 OUVRAGES, BROCHURES, NOTICES ET CARTES RELATIFS À L'HISTOIRE, À LA GÉOGRAPHIE ET À LA COLONISATION DU CONGO.
Reprint of the 1895 first edition published in Brussels. French Congo was the original French colony established in the present-day area of the Republic of the Congo, Gabon, and the Central African Republic. It began in 1880 as a protectorate, and treaties over the next decade established its borders with Cabinda, Cameroons, and the Congo Free State. In order to develop the colony, the government granted massive concessions to some thirty French companies. The companies were granted huge swaths of land on the promise they would be developed. This development was limited and amounted mostly to the extraction of ivory, rubber, and timber. These operations often involved great brutality and the near enslavement of the locals. Even with these measures, most of the companies lost money. Only about ten earned profits. Many of the companies' vast holdings existed only on paper, with virtually no presence on the ground in Africa. French Congo was temporarily divided between Gabon and Middle Congo in 1906 before being reunited as French Equatorial Africa in 1910 in an attempt to copy the relative success of French West Africa. Wauter's is the most comprehensive bibliography on the Congo, with some 3800 references.
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